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FAO, WHO welcome resolution, a leap forward in galvanising action on nutrition

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FAO, WHO welcome resolution, a leap forward in galvanising action on nutrition

1 April 2016: The United Nations General Assembly today agreed a resolution proclaiming the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition from 2016 to 2025.

The resolution aims to trigger intensified action to end hunger and eradicate malnutrition worldwide, and ensure universal access to healthier and more sustainable diets – for all people, whoever they are and wherever they live. It calls on governments to set national nutrition targets for 2025 and milestones based on internationally agreed indicators.

By agreeing to today’s resolution, governments endorsed the Rome Declaration on Nutrition and Framework for Action adopted by the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) in November 2014.

The UN resolution calls upon FAO and WHO to lead the implementation of the Decade of Action on Nutrition, in collaboration with the World Food Programme (WFP), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and involving coordination mechanisms such as the United Nations System Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN) and multi-stakeholder platforms such as the Committee on World Food Security (CFS).

The Framework for Action commits governments to exercise their primary role and responsibility for addressing undernourishment, stunting, wasting, underweight and overweight in children under five years of age, anaemia in women and children - among other micronutrient deficiencies. It also commits them to reverse the rising trends in overweight and obesity and reduce the burden of diet-related noncommunicable diseases in all age groups.

The new resolution invites international partners, civil society, private sector and academia to actively support governments to ensure full implementation of the steps outlined in the Rome Declaration and Framework for Action.

Looking ahead, the text requests the UN Secretary-General, FAO and WHO to provide progress reports to the UN General Assembly every two years.

The resolution is the fruit of almost 2 years of intense negotiations which started in 2014 and involved representatives of FAO and WHO Member Countries. As a first milestone, ministers and top officials from over 170 countries endorsed the Rome Declaration on Nutrition and Framework for action at the Second International Conference on Nutrition (Rome 19-21 November 2014). A second milestone was reached when the governing bodies of FAO and WHO endorsed the Rome Declaration on Nutrition and Framework for Action in 2015.

A third occurred when governments at the UN General Assembly welcomed these developments and agreed to consider next steps

Today’s resolution further enshrines the battle against hunger and all forms of malnutrition in the sustainable development agenda.

Editors note:

Nearly 800 million people remain chronically undernourished and 159 million children under 5 years of age are stunted. Approximately 50 million children under 5 years are wasted, over two billion people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies and 1.9 billion people are affected by overweight of which over 600 million are obese. The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing in nearly all countries.

For more information:

2016

» Resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly on the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016-2025)

2015

» Resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly on the follow-up to the Second International Conference on Nutrition (A/RES/69/310)

» Resolution adopted by the FAO Conference on the outcome of the Second International Conference on Nutrition

» Resolution adopted by the WHO World Health Assembly on the outcome of the Second International Conference on Nutrition (WHA68.19)

2014

» Rome Declaration on Nutrition adopted at the Second International Conference on Nutrition

» Framework for Action adopted at the Second International Conference on Nutrition

$10,000 available for initiatives that focus on alleviating malnutrition or reducing micronutrient deficiency

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$10,000 available for initiatives that focus on alleviating malnutrition or reducing micronutrient deficiency

Each semester students select an issue to fund through the “Global TERPhilanthropy Fund.” This semester, the students intend to grant one award up to $10,000 to fund initiatives that focus on the alleviation of general malnutrition, with a preference towards the reduction of micronutrient deficiencies, in developing countries. The grant(s) is available through the University of Maryland School of Public Policy’s Center for Philanthropy and Nonprofit Leadership. The Center for Philanthropy and Nonprofit Leadership views every grant as the start of a long-term relationship between your organization and the university.

For more information about our Center please visit: » http://philanthropy.publicpolicy.umd.edu

Applications due by Monday, March 28th at 5pm(EST)

Applications, attachments, and questions should be sent to: Ms. Bingying Wu, » bwu12[at]umd.edu

Is there a protein crisis?

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Is there a protein crisis?

It used to be common knowledge: Malnourished kids need more protein to thrive. Then came a scathing » paper in the Lancet in 1974 called "The Great Protein Fiasco." Filled with sarcasm, it argued that the nutrition community's fixation on protein was a waste of time and money.

» Click here to read whether now protein should be part of the bigger picture again.

Gerda Verburg replaces the acting SUN Movement Coordinator Tom Arnold

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Gerda Verburg replaces the acting SUN Movement Coordinator Tom Arnold

United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, today announced the appointment of Gerda Verburg of the Netherlands as the Coordinator of the » Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement. The Coordinator will work with 56 country governments that lead the SUN movement, united with UN agencies, civil society, business and donors, in a common mission to defeat malnutrition in all its forms. 

Since 2011, Ms. Verburg has served as Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the UN Organizations for Food and Agriculture in Rome (FAO, WFP and IFAD) and in 2014 she was appointed Chair of the Global Agenda Council for Food and Nutrition Security of the World Economic Forum (WEF).  

From 2013 until 2015, Ms. Verburg served as Chair of the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS), a multi-stakeholder committee where governments, civil society, private sector, research institutions and others addressed food and nutrition issues.  

From 2007-2011, Ms. Verburg served as speaker in the Dutch House of Representatives on economics, energy and innovation and as Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality. In 2008 she was elected Chair of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development.  

Ms. Verburg said, “I am delighted to have the opportunity to work with the 56 countries in the SUN Movement, as it enters its sixth year. They are home to over 90 million undernourished children. Our vision is to bring this down to zero.” 

Ms. Verburg, replaces the acting SUN Movement Coordinator, Tom Arnold, who has Coordinated the Movement from August 2014. Previously, David Nabarro, the UN Secretary General’s Special Advisor on 2030 Agenda and Special Representative for Food Security and Nutrition, coordinated the Movement – helping to establish the powerful driving force for nutrition which it is today.

» Click here to learn more about the SUN Movement.

Blog on Global Nutrition Report by K Kraemer, Sight and Life; J Fanzo, Johns Hopkins University and J Jerling, North-West University (Potchefstroom)

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Blog on Global Nutrition Report by K Kraemer, Sight and Life; J Fanzo, Johns Hopkins University and J Jerling, North-West University (Potchefstroom)

The development community is by now well aware that good nutrition is the bedrock of human well-being. In the critical window between conception and a child’s second birthday, good nutrition enables optimal brain and immune system development and functioning, which saves lives and equips a child to grow, thrive and reach his or her full potential. As the impact of nutrition is so far-reaching, achieving many of the Sustainable Development Goals will require scaling up proven nutrition interventions. This is where the challenge comes. 

Please read the full blog in our » Blog section.

Publication in eBioMedicine

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Publication in eBioMedicine

Worldwide, one-quarter of children under five years are short for their age (stunted), indicative of chronic malnutrition. Lipid-based nutrient supplements containing micronutrients have little to no effect in reducing child stunting. We examined the relationship between circulating metabolites with stunting in young children in Africa. Stunted children had lower serum levels of all nine essential amino acids compared with non-stunted children. These results challenge the widespread assumption that protein intake is adequate among young children in developing countries. The findings support the idea that children at high risk of stunting are not receiving adequate dietary intake of essential amino acids.

» Click here to read full article.

Foreign Affairs released Online Anthology

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Foreign Affairs released Online Anthology

A special edition anthology, published in partnership with Foreign Affairs, brings together the views of twenty leading thinkers on all aspects of food systems, smallholder farming, and the transformative opportunity presented by digital technology.

Co-curators Kofi Annan, Sir Gordon Conway, and Sam Dryden assert that “The combination of digital technology and human creativity in deploying it will revolutionize life for Africa’s farmers by overcoming isolation, speeding up change, and taking success to scale.”

Sam equates the transformative potential of the digital revolution to the electrification of rural Kentucky in his childhood. He illuminates the role that unique IDs, invisible to most of us, play in making each of us visible to others, and he challenges future leaders to put these in place for every single African farmer.

DON’T MISS the rare personal stories shared by the authors at the end of each essay.

View and download the Foreign Affairs anthology here: » http://fam.ag/20JyIQm

Sight and Life's Blog on Huffington Post

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Sight and Life's Blog on Huffington Post

A » recent study on trends in hidden hunger over a 16-year period helps illuminate where action is most urgently needed.

Developed by Sight and Life with input from scientists, academics and decision-makers from a range of global institutions, the "Global Update and Trends of Hidden Hunger, 1995-2011: The Hidden Hunger Index" shows the combined prevalence in preschool children of multiple micronutrient deficiencies: iron, vitamin A and zinc.

This Hidden Hunger Index identifies global micronutrient deficiency hot spots and provides a ranking of 138 affected countries over time.

» Click here to read full article.

Please find below the individual chapters of the Free Access supplement of MCN on Policy, Program and Innovation in Complementary Feeding.

This special issue brings together cutting edge research that addresses specific aspects of the composition, distribution and impact of special nutritious...

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Please find below the individual chapters of the Free Access supplement of MCN on Policy, Program and Innovation in Complementary Feeding.

This special issue brings together cutting edge research that addresses specific aspects of the composition, distribution and impact of special nutritious solutions to improve nutrient intake of young children, especially during the complementary feeding period. 

The articles forms part of a supplement sponsored by Sight and Life.

Please access the papers below for further details.  

Editorial: Special nutritious solutions to enhance complementary feeding. Saskia de Pee » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12265/epdf 

The role of folate in malaria – implications for home fortification programmes among children aged 6–59 months. Roland Kupka » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12102/epdf

Willingness to pay for lipid-based nutrient supplements for young children in four urban sites of Ethiopia. Joel Segrè, Kim Winnard, Teweldebrhan Hailu Abrha, Yewelsew Abebe, David Shilane and Karin Lapping » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12022/epdf

Considerations in developing lipid-based nutrient supplements for prevention of undernutrition: experience from the International Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS) Project (pages 31–61) Mary Arimond, Mamane Zeilani, Svenja Jungjohann, Kenneth H. Brown, Per Ashorn, Lindsay H. Allen and Kathryn G. Dewey » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12049/epdf

Preventative lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) and young child feeding practices: findings from qualitative research in Haiti (pages 62–76) Carolyn Lesorogol, Sherlie Jean-Louis, Jamie Green and Lora Iannotti » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12122/epdf

Predictors of micronutrient powder sachet coverage in Nepal (pages 77–89)Maria Elena D. Jefferds, Kelsey R. Mirkovic, Giri Raj Subedi, Saba Mebrahtu, Pradiumna Dahal and Cria G. Perrine » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12214/epdf

Comparison of methods to assess adherence to small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) and dispersible tablets among young Burkinabé children participating in a community-based intervention trial (pages 90–104)Souheila Abbeddou, Sonja Y. Hess, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jérôme W. Somé, Stephen A. Vosti, Rosemonde M. Guissou, Jean-Bosco Ouédraogo and Kenneth H. Brown » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12162/epdf

Comparison of the effectiveness of a milk-free soy-maize-sorghum-based ready-to-use therapeutic food to standard ready-to-use therapeutic food with 25% milk in nutrition management of severely acutely malnourished Zambian children: an equivalence non-blinded cluster randomised controlled trial (pages 105–119)Abel H. Irena, Paluku Bahwere, Victor O. Owino, ElHadji I. Diop, Max O. Bachmann, Clara Mbwili-Muleya, Filippo Dibari, Kate Sadler and Steve Collins » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12054/epdf

Double-blind cluster randomised controlled trial of wheat flour chapatti fortified with micronutrients on the status of vitamin A and iron in school-aged children in rural Bangladesh (pages 120–131) Ahmed S. Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed, Faiz Ahmed, Mohammad S. Alam, Mohammad A. Wahed and David A. Sack » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12065/epdf

Effect of complementary feeding with lipid-based nutrient supplements and corn–soy blend on the incidence of stunting and linear growth among 6- to 18-month-old infants and children in rural Malawi (pages 132–143) Charles Mangani, Kenneth Maleta, John Phuka, Yin Bun Cheung, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, Kathryn Dewey, Mark Manary, Taneli Puumalainen and Per Ashorn » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12068/epdf

Impact of lipid-based nutrient supplements and corn–soy blend on energy and nutrient intake among moderately underweight 8–18-month-old children participating in a clinical trial (pages 144–150) Chrissie M. Thakwalakwa, Per Ashorn, John C. Phuka, Yin Bun Cheung, André Briend and Kenneth M. Maleta » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12105/epdf

In-home fortification with 2.5 mg iron as NaFeEDTA does not reduce anaemia but increases weight gain: a randomised controlled trial in Kenyan infants (pages 151–162) Tanja Barth-Jaeggi, Diego Moretti, Jane Kvalsvig, Penny A. Holding, Jane Njenga, Alice Mwangi, Meera K. Chhagan, Christophe Lacroix and Michael B. Zimmermann » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12163/epdf

Impact of lipid-based nutrient supplementation (LNS) on children's diet adequacy in Western Uganda (pages 163–178) Scott B. Ickes, Linda S. Adair, Catherine A. Brahe, Harsha Thirumurthy, Baguma Charles, Jennifer A. Myhre, Margaret E. Bentley and Alice S. Ammerman » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12164/epdf

Iron bioavailability in 8–24-month-old Thai children from a micronutrient-fortified quick-cooking rice containing ferric ammonium citrate or a mixture of ferrous sulphate and ferric sodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (pages 179–187) Visith Chavasit, Suparat Porasuphatana, Umaporn Suthutvoravut, Christroph Zeder and Richard Hurrell » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12167/epdf

Adding multiple micronutrient powders to a homestead food production programme yields marginally significant benefit on anaemia reduction among young children in Nepal (pages 188–202) Akoto K. Osei, Pooja Pandey, David Spiro, Debendra Adhikari, Nancy Haselow, Caroline De Morais and Dale Davis » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12173/epdf

Provision of lipid-based nutrient supplements to Honduran children increases their dietary macro- and micronutrient intake without displacing other foods (pages 203–213) Valerie L. Flax, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Greg A. Reinhart and Margaret E. Bentley » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12182/epdf

Caterpillar cereal as a potential complementary feeding product for infants and young children: nutritional content and acceptability (pages 214–220) Melissa Bauserman, Adrien Lokangaka, Kule-Koto Kodondi, Justin Gado, Anthony J. Viera, Margaret E. Bentley, Cyril Engmann, Antoinette Tshefu and Carl Bose » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12037/epdf

Differential ferritin interpretation methods that adjust for inflammation yield discrepant iron deficiency prevalence (pages 221–228) Elsmari Nel, Herculina S. Kruger, Jeannine Baumgartner, Mieke Faber and Cornelius M. Smuts » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12175/epdf

Introducing a new monitoring manual for home fortification and strengthening capacity to monitor nutrition interventions (pages 229–233) Maria Elena D. Jefferds and Rafael Flores-Ayala » http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mcn.12118/epdf

Goodbyes MDGs Hello SDGs

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Goodbyes MDGs

Hello SDGs

 

Goodbye to the Millennium Development Goals

Nutrition has come a long way since the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) came into being in 2000 following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. It was a slow process, but nutrition has come to be recognized by the World Bank as being core to development, and we have seen its critical role underscored by the prestigious medical journal The Lancet and the respected Copenhagen Consensus. Nobel laureates, economists, high-profile politicians and even His Holiness the Pope have spoken up for nutrition. And now we have the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement, launched by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Irish Foreign Minister Micheál Martin, that has really generated attention, commitments and actions. So there was some sense of sadness as we said goodbye to the opportunity the MDGs gave nutrition – a sadness compounded by the harsh reality that the world did not achieve the goals that were set and that, despite some progress being made, there is much work left unfinished.

Hello to the Sustainable Development Goals

Thus the “hello” to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and all that they mean for nutrition in the post-2015 era is also poignant. In the true meaning of the word, this injunction requires that we come to a stop or cease what we have been doing. It requires us to look back at what we have achieved and to be open about where, how and why we have failed. And then to move forward with innovations that attract new and revitalized attention and action for nutrition.

This issue of the magazine is filled with interesting reading that looks both backward (goodbye) and forward (hello):  

  Click here to read the full Sight and Life Magazine (4.2 MB)

  Guest Editorial (Jane Badham)

  Infograph Nutrition: at the Heart of the SDGs

  Food for Thought: Let us Not be Diverted From Our Great Cause

Perspectives in Nutrition Science:

  Integrating Formative Research into Nutrition Interventions

  Vitamin A Induces Long-Term Epigenetic Modifications in the Innate Immune System
Vitamin A and Epigenetic Modifications: Observations by Keith P West:
Vitamin A and Epigenetic Modifications and Observations by Charles B Stephensen

  Conversion of Dietary Carotenoids and Vitamin A into Bioactive Retinoids: Exploring trails blazed by Jim Olson

  The Challenges of Scaling Up Multiple Micronutrient Interventions

The Global Nutrition Agenda:

  Nutrition: A Critical Pathway to the Achievement of the New Global Goals

  Transparency and Accountability for Improving Global Governance in Nutrition

  Reflections on Nutrition Leadership Capacity Development

  The Future of the SUN Movement in Light of the Sustainable Development Goals

  The Sustainable Development Goals: The role of ethics

  Back to the Future with the Global Goals

  Getting Locals to Eat More Vegetables in Mozambique

  Obituary: D John Shaw (1934–2015)

  The Bigger Picture: A Day in the Life of Tom Arnold

Field Reports

  Anemia in Children Under 5 Years of Age in Cameroon: A silent burden at the core of a rural-urban rivalry

  My Time as an Intern at Sight and Life

  Implementation of Multiple Irish Aid-Funded Orange Flesh Sweet Potato Projects

  United Nations 53rd Graduate Study Program

Congress Reports

  Financing for Development: Mobilizing leadership and investment in nutrition

  Carotenoids Research Interaction Group (CARIG) 2015 Conference

  Nutrition in Africa at the Crossroads

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  Books

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